NHibernate O/R Mapper: Part 1

As most of you know, the data access layer is my favorite application layer to work with. For a while, I worked on my own active record implementation in PHP. After switching to .NET, my outlook has strayed away from the active record pattern though. I like using business entity objects that have no coupling to a database. Instead, I use an object/relational mapper to translate from business entity to persisted database object.

At first, I started working on my own implementation again, which provided a simple, in code, mapping technique. I quickly realized that mapping business entity relationships wasn’t easy though. After a couple hours of staring at my monitor hoping I could come up with an elegant solution, I decided to look at some 3rd party mappers. I had heard about NHibernate before and decided to give it a shot.

I spent about two days prototyping part of my database in NHibernate and my first impression is wow. Everything I could think of adding in an o/r mapper exists in NHibernate. Lazy loading, relationships, inheritance, component mapping, and so much more is possible. Over the past few weeks, my entire data access layer has been converted to NHibernate with overwhelming success. Like any library, it has its own quarks, but for the most part it speeds up development time while adding lots of power to my applications. I would recommend it to anyone.

NHibernate uses XML documents or .NET attributes to map an entity class to a database. I never thought I would use XML again after painful VB6 experiences, but I decided to give it another shot. To my surprise, I loved it. It allows for really clean separation of the database and code, which basically means cleaner code and a happier Brian. The only really annoying part of NHibernate is session management, but I’ll save that for part 2.